The efficacy of using human myoelectric signals to control the limbs of robots in space
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The efficacy of using human myoelectric signals to control the limbs of robots in space

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Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Technical Information Service, distributor in [Washington, DC, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

Subjects:

  • Robotics.

Book details:

Edition Notes

Statementprinciple investigator: Jane E. Clark.
SeriesNASA contractor report -- NASA CR-182901.
ContributionsUnited States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
The Physical Object
FormatMicroform
Pagination1 v.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL15399265M

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  The effectiveness of myoelectric control continues to improve, offering users improvements in dexterity and ease of use. Download: Download full-size image; Fig. 1. Block diagram illustrating relationship between normal and myoelectric control systems (shaded area is removed by amputation). (Reprinted from Parker and Scott () with permission.). The myoelectric prosthesis, using signals from residual stump muscles, is aimed at restoring the function of such lost limbs seamlessly. Unfortunately, the acquisition and use of such myosignals. Myoelectric signals (MES) have been used in various applications, in particular, for identification of user intention to potentially control assistive devices for amputees, orthotic devices, and.   Myoelectric control refers to the use of the electromyogram (EMG) as a control signal for powered limb prostheses. Estimating intent from residual muscle activity can provide a non-invasive communication channel between the nervous system and an artificial by:

  Ankle prostheses controlled directly with myoelectric signals have also been developed. In one pneumatically powered device, artificial plantarflexor muscle pressure was directly regulated by filtering and rectifying residual limb gastrocnemius muscle activity. With less than an hour of training, a participant with a transtibial amputation was able to control the device and produce functional gait.   An alternative to the body-powered control is to employ the myoelectric control, which uses the electrical activity of muscle contraction as a controlling signal for prostheses. While switches and levers are other means to control the limbs, it is generally myoelectric signals that are used to instruct and control powered prosthetic arms [61].Cited by: Machine learning techniques may have the potential to remove these limitations, but their performance is thus far inadequate: myoelectric signals change over time under the influence of various factors, deteriorating control performance. It is therefore necessary, in the standard approach, to regularly retrain a new model from scratch. The last two decades have witnessed a worldwide effort to provide limb amputees with prostheses which better emulate the natural control of the normal limb. The general schema is the detection of biopotentials indicative of centralnervous-system intent followed by timely and high-fidelity transfer of such signals to servomechanisms which mimic the ablated articulations-hence the adoption of.

The method is tested using two different control tasks and four different abstract mappings of upper limb myoelectric signals to control actions for those tasks.   The evolution of deep learning techniques has been transformative as they have allowed complex mappings to be trained between control inputs and outputs without the need for feature engineering. In this work, a myoelectric control system based on convolutional neural networks (CNN) is proposed as a possible alternative to traditional approaches that rely on specifically designed features. Since then, there have been several studies focusing on the control techniques, for example, using toe gesture sensors [2], targeted muscle reinnervation (TMR) [3], and fully implanted myoelectric. and industrial workers to use for carrying heavy loads and extending their physical abilities [3]. The Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL) is an exoskeleton designed to assist the elderly and disabled individuals by using the user’s myoelectric signals to control the exoskeleton movement. However, it is also strong enough to augment the user’s.